Traffic light pressure damage prevention model


This model has been developed to support care home staff in North East Lincolnshire prevent and manage pressure ulcers. It links with local Clinical Commissioning Group ambitions for improving standards of care in care homes.

This model is designed to encourage early identification of skin damage and prevention of harm to individuals living in care homes. Improving standards of care for these patients will also reduce the financial, physical and emotional costs attributed to pressure ulceration.

The traffic light model is a risk assessment tool for carers based on three risk levels:

  • green — low risk
  • amber — high risk
  • red — very high risk

It provides general advice on management, re-positioning regimes and skin checks to enable care staff to monitor individuals — promoting early identification of tissue damage with the aim of preventing pressure ulcer development. 

Developed in 2011, the model forms part of the quality plus scheme implemented to improve and maintain high standards of care. It includes an education programme featuring support, theory and practical training on pressure damage prevention and management, and an annual audit process to monitor the standards of care.

Standards are monitored annually with each care home in the area given a percentage of compliance. Any that fall below the expected level have an action plan developed, which includes recommendations for improvement.

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